Arab-Israeli Conflict

The Arab-Israeli Conflict Simulation (AIC) is a political and diplomatic character-playing exercise. Its purpose is to immerse participants in the dynamics of national and international politics -- and thereby help them to become aware of the complex nature of political reality. AIC enables participants to experience actively, rather than observe passively, complex political activity. The goal is to make learning both profound and enduring.

Click here to view a series of videoclips designed to help teachers understand and use this simulation.

AIC has been the mainstay of the Interactive Communications & Simulations (ICS) program of the University of Michigan School of Education since ICS was founded in the early 1980's.

The composition of the simulation currently encompasses 16 three-character teams. The key states and political organizations involved in the conflict are represented, including the United States and other UN Security Council permanent members. Each participating school is assigned a pair of teams. (Schools may request more than one pair.) A staff of trained university mentors, under the supervision of the project directors, provides frequent updates, feedback and guidance to the teams.

All of the roles represented in the simulation are high level governmental or political figures and are current (or in a few cases, contemporary) office holders. Therefore, the simulation is based on the highly dynamic, and dramatic, context of the current reality.



During the simulation, participants will be involved in four types of activities. First, they will be working face-to-face with their teammates, within their respective schools, doing research, discussing strategies and tactics and so forth. Second, they will individually be sending and receiving private diplomatic communiqués (messages). Each participant has a subset of foreign leaders with whom communiques may be exchanged. Third, they will be posting Press Releases which are visible to all the teams. Fourth, they will be submitting Action Forms, which constitute the "physical" events in the simulation and which are reflected in the mentors' updates. Press Releases and Action Forms are moderated by the mentor staff.

The simulation site is at

For more information, please view this tutorial and/or contact Jeff Stanzler at stanz [at] umich [dot] edu.  )